High-throughput suspension cell count and viability using AO/PI

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Purpose Measure Jurkat cell concentration and viability at titrations of concentrations and a different mixture of cell viability, which can demonstrate the high-throughput capability of Celigo image cytometer
Existing Method(s) Manual counting; single sample automated cell counting
Target Cell Type Jurkat cells
Experiment Plan Scan plate using the Green and Red Fluorescent channels
Hypothesis By measuring the titration of cell concentrations using AO/PI as well as cell viability, the linearity of the method can be determined

Celigo Setup

Plate Type Greiner 675090 96-well black wall clear bottom half area plate
Scan Channels Green, Red
Resolution 1 µm/pixel
Scan Area Whole well
Analysis Method Target 1 + 2
Scan Frequency Endpoint
Scan Time ~7 min

Assay Protocol and Plate Setup

Goal:

Measure Jurkat cell concentration and viability at a titration of cell concentration and viability to determine the linearity of the method. The method can improve the speed and efficiency of cell counting, where numerous samples are required to be counted on a daily basis for bioprocessing, PBMCs samples, or simply cell culture.

Protocol:

Stain preparation

  1. Diluted AO/PI stain (Nexcelom, Cat# CS2-0106) by 10X in PBS to the working concentration
  2. Pipetted 25 µL of the AO/PI stain into each well

Cell preparation

  1. Jurkat cells were obtained from ATCC and cultured in RPMI 1640 media with FBS
  2. Jurkat cells were collected, diluted in Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS), counted and brought to a starting concentration of ~1 x 107 cells/ml

Plate 1 Preparation: Serial dilution for linearity

  1. The Jurkat cell sample was serially diluted 2X to 2,000X with a starting concentration of ~1 x 107 cells/ml
  2. Each Jurkat cell concentration (5 µL) was then pipetted into the plate according to the plate map shown below

plate-1 serial dilution for linearity

Plate 2 Preparation: Viability assessment with AO/PI

  1. Half of the Jurkat cells were heat-killed in boiling water for 15 minutes
  2. After heat-killing, the Jurkat cells were mixed with fresh Jurkat cells to produce 5 different viability samples of 0, 25, 50, 75, and 100%
  3. Jurkat cells at each viability percentage were pipetted into the plate according to the plate map shown below

plate-2 viability assessment

Data Collection

  1. After adding the Jurkat cells, the plate was centrifuged to settle the cells to the bottom
  2. Immediately after, the plate was scanned in Celigo using Target 1 (Green) + 2 (Red) for an endpoint scan
    1. This method is used instead of the “Cell Viability” application because the results are exported directly into Excel to calculate the concentration and viability

Data Analysis

  • The images for each Jurkat cell concentration and viability were analyzed to count the total number of AO and PI positive cells in the wells
  • The segmentation parameters in the Analyze tab were setup using AO and PI fluorescent images, which were used to analyze the entire Jurkat cell titration and viability microplate
  • Made sure only the bright AO and PI positive cells were counted
    • The parameters were set up to not count pieces of bright debris

Data Calculation

  • The AO and PI positive cells were counted and the results were exported to Excel for each plate
  • Used the following two equations to calculate concentration and viability

concentration equations

  • The concentration and viability were calculated for each well

Results

1. Celigo-captured Jurkat cell concentration series AO fluorescent images

  • Below are example AO fluorescent images at different concentrations

ao examples of fluorescent cell images

  • The Jurkat cell concentrations measured using the Celigo were graphed in a correlation plot to the theoretical concentrations calculated from the dilution factors

jurkat cell concentration correlation plot

  • The results showed a high linear correlation (R2 value = 0.9937) between the measured cell concentration compared to the theoretical concentrations
  • The Celigo can measure from 1 cell/well to approximately 1 x 107 cells/ml
  • By pipetting smaller volume of cells into each well, the maximum concentration limit can increase

2. Celigo-captured Jurkat cell viability series AO/PI fluorescent images

  • Below are example AO/PI fluorescent images at different viabilities
  • The number of AO positive cells decreased as the viability decreased
  • The number of PI-positive cells increased as the viability decreased

celigo captured jurkat cell viability images

  • The Jurkat cell viabilities measured using the Celigo were plotted in respect to the theoretical viability from the different fresh and heat-killed Jurkat mixture

viability correlation plot

  • The results showed a high linear correlation (R2 = 0.9977) between the measured cell viability and the theoretical viability
  • The Celigo can measure from 0 to ~100% of viability

Conclusion

  • High-throughput cell counting and viability can be achieved using the Celigo image cytometer
  • The Celigo was able to measure 2 fluorescent channels in one 96-well plate in approximately 7 min using AO/PI
  • The Celigo was able to show high linear results for measuring cell concentrations and viability
    • For concentration, the Celigo can count from 1 cell to approximately 1 x 107 cells/ml
    • For viability, the Celgio can measure viability from 0 to 100%
  • The Celigo image cytometry provides a rapid and simple method for high-throughput cell counting and viability for suspensions cells
2018-10-11T19:03:06+00:00